Know Bangladesh

Bangladesh is Located in the north-eastern part of South Asia. The majestic Himalayas stand some distance to the north, while in the south lays the Bay of Bengal. West Bengal borders on the west and in the east lay the hilly and forested regions of Tripura, Mizoram (India) and Myanmar. These picturesque geographical boundaries frame a low lying plain of about 1,47,570 square kilometer, criss-crossed by innumerable rivers and streams. Mighty rivers are Padma (Ganges), Brahmaputra (Jamuna), Meghna and Karnaphuli.

Bangladesh has many tourist attractions, including archaeological sites, historical mosques, temples, pagodas and monuments, longest natural beach in the world at Cox’s Bazar, picturesque landscape, hill forests and wildlife, rolling tea gardens and tribes. The rich flora and fauna and colorful tribal life is enchanting and each part of the country offers distinctly different topography, flavors and delicacies. It is home to the Royal Bengal Tiger, beautiful spotted deer, freshwater pink dolphins.

Some popular tourist attractions are: Srimangal, where miles of tea gardens are located, Mainamati, Mahasthangarh, Paharpur for archaeology, Rangamati, Kaptai and Cox's Bazar for sightseeing, the Sundarbans for wild life and the largest Mangrove forest of the world and Foy's Lake for scenic beauty. To know more about tourism of activities in Bangladesh, please visit at
Bangladesh-Fast Facts
Official Name: People's Republic of Bangladesh Nationality: Bangalees as a nation and Bangladeshi as citizen. Weekends: Friday & Saturday, some govt and non-govt offices remain open on Saturdays. International Dialing Code: +880 Standard Time : BST (GMT +6 Hours)
Capital City:
Population: 15.02 crores Male : 7.635 crores Female : 7.615 crores Literacy Rate: 60% Language: Bangla (national language) spoken by 95% English is widely understood and spoken. Religion: Muslims - 86.6%, Hindus - 12.1%, Buddhists - 0.6%, Christians -0.4%, Others -0.3%.
Ethnic Groups: Bengalis (98%) Other small ethnic groups (2%) including Chakma, Marma, Santal, Garo, Manipuri, Tripura, and Tanchangya.
Geographical Location: Latitude between 20°34' and 26°38' North Longitude between 88°01' and 92°41' East Area: 147,570 sq. km. (land: 133,910 sq km, water: 10,090 sq km)
North - India (West Bengal and Meghalaya) West - India (West Bengal) East - India (Tripura and Assam) and Myanmar South-Bay of Bengal. Total: 4,246 km (border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km) Coastline: 580 km
Maritime boundary:
Contiguous Zone: 18 nm Continental Shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin Exclusive Economic Zone: 200 nm Territorial Sea: 12 nm Terrain: Mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast 7 Divisions - Chittagong, Khulna, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Barisal, Rangpur 64 Districts 488 Subdistricts/Upazillas Principal Rivers: Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Surma, Brahmaputra, Karnaphuli, Teesta, Sitalakhya, Rupsha, Madhumati, Gorai, Mahananda
Climate Variation: Sub-tropical monsoon Average Temperature: Winter 11° C - 20° C (October - February) Summer 21° C - 38° C (March - September) Rainfall: 1,100 mm to 3,400 mm (June - August) Humidity: Highest 99% (July), Lowest 36% (December & January) Economy
Recognitions: Bangladesh is one of the members of the Developing 8 and regarded belonging to the Next Eleven Economy of the world by Goldman Sachs. GDP: $1,314 (per capita in 2015) GDP Growth Rate (%): 6.12 (2013-2014)
Poverty Level
: 25% (People living with $2 per day) Foreign Grant Dependency: 2% Principal Crops: Rice, Jute, Tea, Wheat, Sugarcane, Pulses, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables. Principal Industries: Garments & Textiles (2nd largest in the world), Tea, Ceramics, Cement, Leather, Jute (largest producer in the world), Chemical, Fertilizer, Shrimp Processing, Sugar, Paper, Electric and Electronics, Medicine, Fishing. Principal Exports: Garments, Knitwear, Frozen Shrimps, Tea, Ship building and Ship recycling, Leather and Leather products, Jute and Jute products, Ceramics, IT Outsourcing, Pharmaceuticals Principal Imports: Wheat, Fertilizer, Petroleum goods, Cotton, Edible Oil Principal Minerals: Natural gas,oil, Coal, white clay, glass sand etc.
Taka (BDT, Symbol = ৳)
Transportation Methods
: Road, Air, Rail, Waterways Export Processing Zones (EPZs): Dhaka, Uttara, Adamjee, Chittagong, Comilla, Ishwardi, Karnaphuli, and Mongla
Historical Dates
Independence Day: 26th March Victory Day: 16th December Martyr's Day: 21st February (Also recognized as the International Mother Language Day)
Places of Tourist Interest: Dhaka, Chittagong, Cox's Bazar, Kaptai, Rangamati, Khagrachari, Bandarban, Kuakata, Bogra, Khulna, the Sundarbans, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Dinajpur and Comilla Airports: Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet, Jessore, Rajshahi, Saidpur, Barisal and Cox's Bazar
Information Technology (IT) • Country Domain: .bd • Internet Penetration: 4.46 crores (29% of population) • Mobile Users: 12 crores, 37 lakhs (March 2015), Source: • Mobile Penetration: 80% of the population
Global Ranks of Bangladesh • 8th largest country in the world in terms of population • 4th largest Muslim country in the world in terms of population and 3rd largest Muslim majority country • 7th most densely populated country and the most densely populated country in the world having more than 10 million populations • Situated on the Ganges Delta, the largest delta in the world and also the largest wetland in the world • Cox’s Bazaar is the longest natural sandy sea beach in world • 2nd largest garments exporter in the world • Largest producer of Jute (2nd largely grown vegetable fiber in the world) • Sundarbans (hosted by both Bangladesh and India) has the largest mangrove forest in the world
Source: Bangladesh National Portal